قلعه جلالی و حصار سلجوقی
Unknown Persian architect
Kashan, Eşfahān, Iran
Architecture and City Planning
partial view of Jalali castle and Cultural Heritage building
Boroujerdi House was built in 1857 CE by architect Ali Maryam Kashani, for the bride of Haj Mehdi Boroujerdi, a wealthy merchant. The bride was from Tabatabaei family, for whom the architect had built Tabatabaei House several years earlier. It consists of a rectangular courtyard, delightful wall paintings by the artist of the royal court Kamal-ol-Molk, and three tall wind towers to cool the house. The house was constructed by 150 craftsmen during 18 years. The house has all the classic signatures of Persian architecture. It has three entrances. The main entrance is in the form of an octagonal vestibule with multilateral skylights in the ceiling. There is a five-door chamber with intricate plasterwork. Walking through a narrow corridor, one reaches a vast rectangular courtyard that has a pool — lined by trees and green space. There is a reception hall sandwiched between two rooms. Due to the high amount of sunlight entering these rooms, they were mostly used during the winter. The kitchen, rooms and stairways to the basement are located in the northeast area of the house. There is a large covered hall adorned with reliefs, artistic carvings and meshed windows in the southern side. The hall was the main venue for celebrations. The house is famous for its unusual wind towers, which are made of stone, brick, sun-baked bricks and a composition of clay, straw and mortar. Even the basements consistently benefit from the flow of cool air from the wind towers.
© Saif Haq
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architect, Unknown Persian, Jalali castle, 1857-1875, Kashan, Eşfahān, Iran, TTU Arch Design Images. Image Source: Saif Haq. https://archimage.lib.ttu.edu/items/show/18039.
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